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A classification paper says something meaningful about how a whole relates to parts, or parts relate to a whole. Like skimming, scanning, paraphrasing, and summarizing, classification requires the ability to group related words, ideas, and characteristics. Prewriting and purpose It is a rare writer, student or otherwise, who can sit down and draft a classification essay without prewriting.
A classification paper requires that you create categories, so prewriting for a classification paper involves grouping things in different ways in order to discover what categories make the most sense for the purpose you intend.
An important part of creating useful categories is seeing the different ways that things can be grouped. For example, a list of United States presidents may be grouped in any number of ways, depending on your purpose.
They might be classified by political party, age on taking office, or previous occupations, but you could just as well, depending on your purpose, classify them by the pets they keep or how they keep physically fit.
If your purpose was to analyze presidential administrations, you would group information focusing on the presidents' more public actions—say, cabinet appointments and judicial nominations.
On the other hand, if you intended to write about the private lives of presidents, you might select information about personal relationships or hobbies. Make sure the categories you create have a single basis of classification and that the group fits the categories you propose. You may not, for example, write about twentieth century presidents on the basis of the kinds of pets they kept if some of those presidents did not keep pets.
The group does not fit the category.
If you intend to talk about all the presidents, you must reinvent the categories so that all the presidents fit into it. In the example below, the group is "all U. Alternatively, in the following example, the group is "twentieth century U.
Developing a thesis Once you have decided on your group, purpose, and categories, develop a thesis statement that does the following three things: Our last five U. They have been either regular private gym-goers, disciplined public joggers, or casual active sports enthusiasts.
Ordering categories Order is the way you arrange ideas to show how they relate to one another. For example, it is common to arrange facts and discussion points from most- to least-important or from least- to most-important, or from oldest to most recent or longest to shortest.
The example thesis statement above is ordered from most- to least-formal physical fitness activities. There is no one right way; use an ordering system that seems best to suit your purpose and the type of information you are working with. For example, suppose you are writing about the last five U.
If you wish to show that these presidents' public decisions spring directly from negative issues in their personal relationships, you might order your information from most private to more public actions to clearly establish this connection.
Or, if you wish to give the reader the impression that he is moving into increasingly intimate knowledge of personal presidential foibles, you may choose the reverse, ordering your information from public to private. Signal words Signal phrases, or transitions, typically used for classification papers include the following:A guide to writing conclusions in abstracts for Addiction.
Addiction publishes abstracts that are clear, accurate and succinct. Each abstract conclusion must provide the . Our leading writing service provides custom written papers in 80+ disciplines. Order either short essays or extensive dissertations & our expert ENL writers will easily prepare a paper .
How to Write an Abstract For an Academic Paper Whenever you are given a task to write a scientific or academic paper, you are also often expected to write an abstract. This is especially the case when it is the first time when you are facing a task of writing a certain kind of paper – for example, a dissertation.
Academic writing refers to a style of expression that researchers use to define the intellectual boundaries of their disciplines and their specific areas of expertise.
Characteristics of academic writing include a formal tone, use of the third-person rather than first-person perspective (usually), a. A Guide to Writing an AGU Abstract. Thinking of an abstract as a miniature scientific paper and its creation as a series of simple steps can ease becoming a presenter at an AGU meeting.
A beginner’s Guide to writing a persuasive academic abstract Dr Jens J. Hansen, Woodhill Park Research Retreat, Phone +64 9 , [email protected]