Aryabhatiya, a compendium of mathematics and astronomy, was extensively referred to in the Indian mathematical literature and has survived to modern times.
Tweet on Twitter On October 22,a group of space scientists huddled together in tense anticipation. To do so, the probe used an equation Aryabhata the great indian mathamatician Aryabhata — as explained by the then head of the Indian Space Research Organization, G.
Madhavan Nair, in an India Today news article on February 22, Who was this Aryabhata? Its name was the Aryabhatiya. This corresponds to CE, and implies that he was born in Aryabhata provides no information about his place of birth. But there have been numerous other places proposed by historians as his birthplace.
Some conjecture that he was born in south India, perhaps Kerala, Tamil Nadu or Andhra Pradesh, while others conjecture that he was born in the north-east of India, perhaps in Bengal.
However, location of Kusumpura is not certain. According to many scholars it was located close to Pataliputra which was refounded as Patna in Bihar in We should note that Kusumapura became one of the two major mathematical centres of India, the other being Ujjain.
Pataliputra, being the capital of the Gupta Empire at the time of Aryabhata, was the centre of a communications network which allowed learning from other parts of the world to reach it easily, and also allowed the mathematical and astronomical advances made by Aryabhata and his school to reach across India and also eventually into the Islamic world.
The Aryabhatiya contains an introduction of 10 verses, followed by a section on mathematics with 33 verses, then a section of 25 verses on the reckoning of time and planetary models, with the final section of 50 verses being on the sphere and eclipses.
The mathematical part of the Aryabhatiya covers arithmetic, algebra, plane trigonometry and spherical trigonometry. It also contains continued fractions, quadratic equations, sums of power series and a table of sines.
This supposition is based on the following two facts: He wrote in the Aryabhatiya the following: By this rule the relation of the circumference to diameter is given.
Aryabhata does not explain how he found this accurate value. There are reasons to believe that Aryabhata devised a particular method for finding this value. It is shown with sufficient grounds that Aryabhata himself used it, and several later Indian mathematicians and even the Arabs adopted it.
Buy The Aryabhatiya of Aryabhata: An Ancient Indian Work on Mathematics and Astronomy Much of the mathematics that he developed and wrote about, however, was for use in astronomy.
This included his work in trigonometry. Aryabhata was the first to develop the concept of sines and cosines. Aryabhata was the first Indian astronomer we know of who explicitly said that the earth was round.
However, a reading of the Aryabhatiya reveals that he went much further. Aryabhata proposed what was then a revolutionary concept: To explain to baffled readers how the earth could be spinning, Aryabhata used an analogy.
Just as someone in a moving boat thinks that he is stationary and that the river bank is moving in the direction opposite to the boat, he said, we think that the earth is stationary and that the heavens are moving from east to west, while in reality the earth is spinning from west to east.
He believes that the Moon and planets shine by reflected sunlight, incredibly he believes that the orbits of the planets are ellipses. He correctly explains the causes of eclipses of the Sun and the Moon. Using only theories and calculations on planetary motion, he worked out that the orbits of planets were elliptical rather than perfect circles.
Aryabhata gives a systematic treatment of the position of the planets in space. Bhaskara I who wrote a commentary on the Aryabhatiya about years later wrote of Aryabhata:Aryabhata or Aryabhata I (– CE) was the first in the line of great mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy.
His works include the Aryabhaṭiya ( CE, when he was 23 years old) and the Arya-Siddhanta. The works of Aryabhata dealt with mainly mathematics and astronomy.
Aryabhata () was an Indian mathematician and astronomer. He is generally considered to have begun the line of great Indian astronomer-mathematicians that flourished during the . This is a short biography on one of the great Indian mathematicians, Aryabhata, accompanied by an explanation and historical context for his accomplishments.
Following the lesson is a brief quiz.
Dec 26, · Aryabhatta was the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. He is the author of several treatises on mathematics and astronomy, some of which are lost.
His main works are Aryabhatiya and Arya-siddhanta. Biography Name While there is a tendency to misspell his name as “Aryabhatta” by analogy with other names having the “bhatta” suffix, his name is properly spelled Aryabhata: every astronomical text spells his name thus, including Brahmagupta’s references .
Indian Mathematicians RAMANUJAN He was born on 22na of December in a small village of Tanjore district, Madras. He failed in English in Intermediate, so his formal studies were stopped but his self-study of mathematics continued.